Metabolism Disorders - What Are The Types Of Metabolic Disorders
The most common causes of metabolic
disorders, as indicated by a scientific survey related
to this matter are genetic malfunctioning that would preclude
the normal production of energy through metabolism.
There are times, however, that metabolic
disorders can also be caused by toxic compounds or simply
due to improper diet or Nutritional deficiencies.
Our organs are susceptible to different kinds
of diseases and once they got infected the body metabolism
will also be affected. If this happens, then we can say that
the metabolic disorder is caused by a genetic disorder.
Usually, defective enzymes that are in the
metabolic pathways of the differing nutrients being recycled
from our food intakes like carbohydrates, protein, fats and
amino acids are the ones responsible for triggering these
Hereunder are some kinds of metabolic disorders;
Amino acid metabolism disorders
- Phenylketonuria is triggered
by en enzyme that is considered as defective and in most cases;
this would cause severe mental retardation. The enzyme is
phenylalanine. Dietary adjustments would be needed to alleviate
- Tyrosinemia Type I and
II disorders would indicate liver failure and nerve damage.
This would likewise include irritation of the corneas of the
Liver transplant and dietary adjustment
would be the most appropriate solution here. Diet should be
strictly low in phenylalanine and tyrosine content.
- Alkaptunoria disorder
is mainly due to tyrosine breakdown. You can identify this
disorder through the symptoms of having dark colored urine,
arthritis and would usually include other types of bone disease
and hypercoagulability of the blood.
is usually due to the many insufficient formation of the needed
methylcobalamin form of vitamin B12 metabolism.
The indications here would include elongation
of the eye lens, thinning of the various bone structures,
and also, in substantial cases, mental retardation or psychiatric
Treatment for this kind of disorder is through
a dietary adjustment that would have to include vitamin B12,
betaine and folic acid.
Organic acid metabolic disorders
- Propionicacademia is usually due to a
deficient propionyl-CoA-Carboxylase. Indications manifesting
for this disorder will be severe malfunctioning of metabolism
that might even cause death.
Treatment would include diets that have to
be strictly monitored as amino acids should only be in very
limited amounts. You have to be careful with the amount as
amino acids acts as precursor to propionyl-CoA
- Carboxylase multiple deficiency would appear
to have no indicative symptoms and what is usually applied
to rectify this disorder is biotin.
An immediate application of biotin the moment
this disorder would be discovered is suggested.
- Methylmalonic Acidemia is a vitamin B12
metabolism disorder most often triggered by a malfunctioning
enzyme system The only cure here would be to have the patient
take a lot of B12 dosage to have the disorder corrected.
Fatty acid metabolic disorder
- Hyperlipidemia and hypercholesterolemia
is mainly due to the abnormal usage of Lipoproteins. Cardiovascular
disease will normally be the usual symptoms.
The use of drugs would be very much needed
here to prevent fatty acid synthesis.Modified diet is also
recommended in this disorder.
- Fatty Acid Oxidation Disorder
is mainly due to the many effects of hydroxvacyl-CoA dehydrogenase
enzyme - Glycogen Storage disorder is the natural result of
the breaking up of the body’s glycogen.
Tags: Disorders In Carbohydrate Metabolism,Nutrition
And Metabolism Disorders, Disorders Of Metabolism, Metabolism